Here are some very informal notes from the renku workshop I recently attended:
The Renku form is an endless poem consisting of alternating three- and two-line stanzas. The fist stanza consists of three lines while the second contains two lines. This pattern repeats indefinitely, or until a specified and predetermined date and time of its conclusion. Each stanza is written by a different poet and should attempt to change the focus, utilize mixed images, borrow syntax or otherwise surprise any expectations that may have been set up by the previous stanza. The Japanese tradition of Renku suggests the beginning stanzas include compliments about, and generally acknowledge the graciousness of, the host.
Ways for shifting focus and linking stanzas in unusual ways:
1) kotobazuke (link through words): Observe rhymes, existing repetition, puns, familiar phrases, grammar or syntax and carry them through. For example, if the first line of one stanza is something like “The man in the hat,” you may want to consider using the same syntax but with a very different subject, like “The car in the street.” Alternately, free associate with words and images. For example, if the previous stanza has a word like “goggles,” it makes me think of “google,” which makes think of searching, so I may write about searching. If the previous stanza uses a word like “sleep” it makes me think of a rhyme, like “sheep”, so maybe I will include something about sheep (sheep searching, searching sheep, shepherds searching for sheep…)
2) monokuze (shift through things/use contrast): Ask a question to which there is no answer, deepen the observation or present an opposite or contrasting mood. If it’s dark, lighten it. If it’s active, present a still setting, if it is quiet, add some noise.
3) ioizuke, a.k.a./ “scent” (shift mood or feeling): Like syncopation, add an unexpected element to the mood. Use a metaphor or change the setting.
4) Finally, do not explain connections – resist the temptation to explain the image you have presented.
Here are a few of my exercises:
Focus: Deepen. That is, look at it, then took at it some more. Do not explain connections.
Our Prompt: Sheep in a field.
My response:Sheep in a field Men on horseback Un-hitch the barbed wire
Focus: Contrast mood/use opposites
Prompt: Small boat in calm harbor
My response:Small boat in the calm harbor breeze echoes the sound of raised voices
Focus: Ask a question/add a person
Prompt: The cat returns after eleven nights
My Response:The cat returns after eleven nights Where are you?
Anyway, you get the idea.
The homework for our class is to “make” a Renku, which has been set up as a blog. My fellow poets and I will be adding to it over the next ten days, and I’m really excited about watching it evolve and grow. I hope you, my blog readers, will take some time to check our project out at:
If you are interested in reading and/or contributing to some really great renku yourself, check out the Journal of Renga and Renku (as pictured above) at: The Journal of Renga and Renku